If I’ll say about masking then masking is a process which helps to hide the components which are given. So, in this blog, we will focus on learning all the types of masking in Photoshop and how to do masking in Photoshop.
There are different types of masking which we can work for:-
- Layer Mask
- Vector Mask
- Gradient Mask
- Clipping Mask
- Quick Mask
- Channel Mask
These are the masking methods which you are going to learn on this tutorial.
Layer Mask in Photoshop:-
Layer masks control the visibility of a layer, group, or Adjustment Layer. At the point when a layered veil is totally white, the layer is totally noticeable. At the point when a layer mask is totally dark, the layer is totally undetectable. You can make parts of a layer imperceptible by painting dark in specific regions. You can utilize a large portion of the Tools in the Tool board on a layer cover including the Brush Tool, Clone Stamp device, Gradient Tool, and determinations.
To create a Layer mask
Step 1:- To begin with it, select the layer you need to mask, at that point tap the layer cover catch as featured previously. On the other hand, you can explore to Layer > Layer Mask > Reveal All.
Step 2:- Then next click on the layer mask thumbnail click Edit>Fill. Here I’m going to use black because there are two kinds of pixels white and black so I’m changing this pixel from white to black so here the parallel layer will go from the picture.
Step 3:- Then the next step is to fill gradient in the layer mask so here I’ll use G key to start working with the gradient tool. Select the layer mask by clicking on the thumbnail and drag the gradient all over the picture.
So here you understand about layer mask how it works on Gradient tool and changes with white to black pixels.
Vector mask in Photoshop:-
A Vector mask is a path which is independent in the resolution which attaches on the contents of the layer. Vector mask is more accurate than those made with pixel-based tools. We can use a pen or shapes to make a vector mask.
We can make a vector mask when we create a shape with any of the shape apparatuses. We can likewise create a vector mask by converting type to shape.
Select layer > Type > Convert to shape.
To add a Vector mask to a layer:
Step1:- Choose a layer in layers panel (Layer > Vector mask > Reveal all)
Note: background layer can’t have a vector mask.
Step2:- In windows panel > paths > choose Vector mask.
Step3:- Use a pen or any shape tool.
Step4:- Design the desired shape on the Vector mask.
Step5:- Satisfied with the Vector mask then save it and move to the next one.
Gradient Mask in Photoshop:
As I have shown in Layer mask step 3 that how Gradient Mask works so again I’m going to tell you about it.
Step 1:- Select the Layer Mask button and click on the that.
Step 2:- Press the G button to use the tool.
Step3:- Drag the gradient on the layer mask
Clipping Mask in Photoshop:-
Clipping Mask is a method to control the visibility of a layer. So the Clipping Mask is like layer Mask. However, while the final product may appear to be identical, Clipping Mask and layer Mask are altogether different. A layer mask uses black and white to show and hide the non-similar parts of the layer.
To use the clipping Mask here are the steps below given:-
Step 1:- Click on the layer which you have to work on. Then select on the layer menu and select Create Clipping Mask.
Step 2:- Also, it’s as simple as that! With the layer mask made, the Layers board currently demonstrates the best (“Layer 0” ) indented to one side, with a little arrow pointing down at “Layer 1” below to it.
Step 3:- As the clipping mask hide the layers so we need to release the layer so for that, we need to select the layer> Release clipping mask.
So as shown now no layer is clipped on the layer.
Quick Mask in Photoshop:-
Quick Mask mode helps to make and alter choices rapidly, begin with selection and after that add to or less from it to make the mask. You can likewise make the mask completely in Quick Mask mode. Shading separates the ensured and unprotected territories. When you leave Quick Mask mode, the unprotected zones turn into a choice.
To use the Quick Mask tool the steps are given below:-
Step 1:- Select the selection tool, then select the small area of the picture you need to change.
Step 2:- Click the Quick Mask in the tool kit. A shading overlay covers and ensures the region outside the selection. Chosen areas are left unprotected by the mask. As a matter of course, Quick Mask mode shades the secured region using a yellow, half opaque overlay.
Step 3:- Select the painting tool to edit the mask.
Step 4:- Then star the painting to the selected area. Then select the standard mode button to turn off the quick mask.
Step 5:- Then apply some changes which you need to do in the image. Then Select> Deselect the selection.
Channel Mask in Photoshop:-
Channels are used to store coloring data around a picture or to store selections in Photoshop. Photoshop makes shading data channels consequently and all Photoshop pictures contain somewhere around one channel. Bitmap-mode, grayscale, duotone, and ordered shading pictures are each single-channel modes.
To use the Channel Mask here are the steps.
Step 1:- Select the Model layer in the Layers board.
Step 2:- Pick Image > Mode > CMYK Color. Snap Don’t Merge in the exchange box that shows up, in light of the fact that you need to keep your layers unblemished. Snap OK in case you’re incited about shading profiles.
Step 3:- Click the Channel tab. In the Channel mask, select the Black channel. At that point pick Duplicate Channel from the Channels board menu. Name the channel Hair, and snap OK.
Step 4:- Make the Layer visible on which you have to work.
Step 5:- Then Select the Brush tool and click switch background option from the toolbar.
Step 6:- Then refine the edges of the selected image and set the hue saturation and contrast of the selected area do the adjustments and click ok after changing the values.
Step 7:- Then make the background visible and choose Select>Deselect a save the file.
Thus, this probably covers all the masking and its techniques with a full elaborated step by step processes.
To see more implication of the above masking do visit the link below:
Also read: how to blur a background in Photoshop.